Top Signs and Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal or gum disease is an infection that attacks the tissues that hold your teeth in place. Periodontal disease is an extreme case of gum infection that begins with gingivitis. Gingivitis is simply gum inflammation, and when not treated, it advances into periodontitis.
Plaque builds up around the teeth and infects the gums, causing gingivitis. Besides plaque, women’s hormonal changes due to menopause, menstruation, and pregnancy have the same effect. The gum’s inner layers start to pull away, and pockets form on the sides of the teeth. Food particles begin to collect in these pockets, and brushing your teeth does not always remove them. Bacteria infect the gums, and the gum line shrinks. When this happens, you run the risk of your teeth falling out.
Signs and Symptoms
Periodontal disease is easy to miss because its signs don’t come up until the disease has advanced. You may not feel any pain. Regular dental checkups may help spot the disease early enough. Also, if you notice any of these signs and symptoms, seek the advice of a periodontist as soon as possible.
1. Gum Redness, Swelling, and Some Pain
If your gums are red, swollen, or painful without any trauma, periodontal disease may be present. This is often the first sign of infection, and slowing its progression helps avoid gum and jawbone infection. If you allow the disease to advance, bacteria may spread into the bloodstream and other body parts, which would be detrimental.
2. Bad Breath
Foul odor from your mouth can come from many sources. It can rise from the stomach, the tongue, and the lungs. The type of food eaten, alcohol consumed, and tobacco use also make the breath stink. Also, if there are food particles trapped between your teeth, they cause your mouth to stink. The deeper the gum pockets, the more bacteria and debris they can house.
3. Unexplained Bleeding
If you start to bleed when flossing or brushing, you may have periodontal disease. Chances are, you are brushing your teeth like you always have, not too hard. It could be that the bacteria are eating away at your gum tissue, making the tissue susceptible to bleeding.
4. Teeth Looking Longer
As the gum recedes, your teeth may start to look longer. The bacteria toxins attack the supporting bones and tissues, making the teeth appear longer.
If you notice some pus coming from the middle of your teeth, that is a sure sign of a periodontal infection. Pus comes from the body’s defenses, trying to fight off the bacteria.
6. Loosened Teeth
A sign of progressed gum disease is your teeth coming loose. Some teeth even shift. These changes often cause a shift in your bite pattern as you avoid putting pressure on the affected area. Teeth moving or loosening indicates deterioration of the jawbone. If left untreated, your teeth may start to fall off.
For a chance to fight periodontal disease, watch out for the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease. Have regular dental checkups for prevention and early diagnosis. For dental health services, visit Dr. Donald I. Cadle, Jr. in New Port Richey, Florida. You can also call 727-312-1300 to book your appointment.